Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
LLR Home Library Services Student IT Support Our Libraries Digital Skills Centre
MyAccount Email Moodle VLE MyLSBU

APA Referencing, How-to-Guide

In-text citation.

When you refer to someone’s work in your essay, you need to include an in-text citation. This is normally the surname(s) of the author(s) and the year their work was published. The citation normally comes at the end of a sentence in brackets:

Example: …although other authors have denied this (Hartley, 2019).

Or, if you include the author’s name as part of the sentence, put the year of publication immediately after in brackets:

Example: … Hartley (2019) declared that …

If you use a direct quote, include the page number. 

Here is some example text showing what in-text citations look like: