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LSBU Harvard Referencing: Conversation

Format of the reference

Personal communication by face-to-face, telephone or online (such as Skype) methods can be referenced as follows.


You will need:

  • Name of the sender/speaker
  • Year of communication
  • Medium of conversation
  • Receiver of communication
  • Day/month of communication



Sender/speaker/author’s Surname, Initials. (Year of communication) Medium of conversation with Receiver of communication, Day/month of communication.


Horwood, W. (2021) Conversation with John Smith, 9 January.

In-text citation: (Horwood, 2021)




LSBU Harvard Referencing Quick Guide